Home IELTS 16 Cấu trúc câu hay dùng trong IELTS writing

16 Cấu trúc câu hay dùng trong IELTS writing

by Ngoc Quynh Dao
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Bạn có biết cấu trúc câu hay dùng trong IELTS writing task 1 và task 2? Bạn có biết làm thế nào để viết câu dài hơn, kết nối và học thuật hơn? Cùng tham khảo 16 cấu trúc câu phức hay giúp nâng band IELTS writing dưới đây nhé.

16 cấu trúc ngữ pháp thường dùng trong bài IELTS writing

16 cấu trúc ngữ pháp thường dùng trong bài IELTS writing

1. It is + adj. + that…/It is + adv. +adj. +that…

Bạn có thể dùng nhiều trạng từ/ tính từ khác nhau cho cấu trúc này, tùy thuộc vào nội dung mà mình muốn hướng tới. Cấu trúc này được dùng để đưa ra một sự thật hoặc một ý kiến (theo số đông).

Examples:

  • It is true that mobile phones are now used all the time for business and social purposes
  • It is argued that some people’s success is mostly attributable to luck instead of their own hard work

2. There is no doubt/denying that S+ V

Tương tự cấu trúc bên trên, cấu trúc câu “There is no doubt/denying that….” được sử dụng để đưa ra một sự thật hoặc một ý kiến (theo số đông)

Examples:

  • There is no doubt that the government takes the main responsibility to protect their citizens.
  • There is no denying that the more fuel we use, the more polluted will the environment be.

3. The reason why… is that…

Do not use the same word such as because again and again. This sentence pattern is a great alternative to illustrate cause and effect. Take a look at the following example.

Example: The reason why people feel more stressed is that they live in a more competitive society which requires them to work much harder than ever before.

4. The + comparative adj./adv. +…, the comparative adj./adv. + …

Đây là mẫu câu hữu ích để thể hiện mối quan hệ giữa hai sự vật, sự việc.

Example: 

  • The higher the profits earned by enterprises, the more taxes they pay to the government
  • The more widespread the accessibility of the Internet, the more people will come to rely on it as their news source

5. In spite of/ Despite:  mặc dù (gần tương tự với although) 

Example:

  • Despite such advantages of news communicated by other, faster means, I consider that printed news is still important in today’s world
  • In spite of being well-known, becoming a celebrity means that you will have no private life. Because all of you fans and media will be curious about it.

6. Notwithstanding Noun/the fact that Clause, S + V : là cách viết fomal hơn của “despite” 

   Example:

  • Notwithstanding the fact that doing farm work can be profitable, many people still move to the big city to find a new job.
  • Notwithstanding some members‘ objections, I think we must go ahead with the plan.

7. S+V+O, resulting in an increase/a decrease in + the number of something/the demand for something: Vấn đề…. khiến cho nhu cầu ….. tăng lên 

Example:

Many people in the countryside migrate to big cities, resulting in an increase in the demands for accommodation, food and services in urban areas.

8. It + V + such + (a/an) + N(s) + that + S + V: (quá… đến nỗi mà…)

Example:

  • One of the benefits of working for a big corporation is that such large companies usually provide a good pension scheme.
  • It is such a difficult problem that after many conferences, the government still can’t find the way out.

9. Clause, which + V (singular) + Objective: sử dụng mệnh đề quan hệ 

Example

  • While some people mourn the loss of national identity which they believe occurs as a result of this process, I disagree with that view on the basis that it is important to embrace change and accept new realities
  • Youths should serve prison sentences when they commit serious offenses, and there are other effective non-custodial sentences which could be imposed

10. Not until + trợ động từ + S + V (singular), clause: cấu trúc đảo ngữ với Not until 

Example:

  • Not until have we found a useful alternative energy source, we can solve the problem of running out of natural resources.
  • Not until do governments create a rule to protect traditional culture, their national identities are shown evidently

11. Compared to N ( hoặc N +Subject+Verb+Object) , Subject+Verb+Object

Example:

  • Compared to those who hold high school qualifications, university graduates often have more employment opportunities.
  • Compared with other countries in Asia, Vietnam now becomes one of the fastest-developing countries.

12. While S1+ V1, S2+ V2: chỉ sự đối lập giữa hai mặt của vấn đề

Example:

  • While some people believe there are clear advantages of taking a gap year, I would contend that the disadvantages are more significant.
  • While it is important to embrace change, the public must try to preserve all that is worthwhile from the past.

13. (Noun A) is the main culprit of (Noun B): sự việc A là thủ phạm gây ra sự việc B

Example:

  • The situation of many companies release dirty water directedly to rives is the main culprit of many diseases for people living in the area.
  • The increasing number of cars and motorbikes is the main culprit of air- pollution in the city.

14. (Noun A) could be ascribed to (Noun B): sự việc A co thể được quy kết do B gây ra

Example:

  • Air- pollution situation in the city could be ascribed to the increasing number of cars and motorbikes.
  • Many types of cancer that kill thousands of people nowadays could be ascribed to the environment pollution around us.

15. (Noun A) is the precursor to (Noun B): sự việc A là tiền đề cho sự việc B

Example:

  • The increasing number of cars and motorbikes is the precursor to the air- pollution situation in the city.
  • The pollution of the environment around us is the precursor to many types of cancer that kill thousands of people.

16. Sử dụng mệnh đề danh từ

Nếu bạn có ý tưởng là: Government should raising the tax on imported cars.

Hãy thử viết thành: What the government should do immediately is to consider raising the tax on imported cars”

Trong câu này “What the government should do immediately” là mệnh đề danh từ, giúp cho câu văn dài hơn, phức tạp và “nguy hiểm hơn.

Trên đây là 16 cấu trúc câu hay dùng trong IELTS writing. Bookmark lại ngay và sử dụng trong bài viết tiếp theo nhé!

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